BioScience Trends. 2017;11(5):542-549. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2017.01264)
PCSK9 rs7552841 is associated with plasma lipids profiles in female Chinese adolescents without posttraumatic stress disorder.
Guo QW, Si YJ, Su M, Fan M, Lin J, Memon NH, Fang DZ
To explain the inconsistent relationship between proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) rs7552841 and plasma lipids profiles, we hypothesized that interplays might occur among gender, PCSK9 rs7552841 and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on plasma lipids levels. To test this hypothesis, a population of 704 Chinese Han high school students was used, which had been recruited after the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake. In this population, the plasma levels of glucose, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) had been measured by routine methods. PTSD had been assessed by the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C). PCSK9 rs7552841 was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses and verified by DNA sequencing. The T allele carriers had significantly higher levels of TG, TC, LDL-C, and glucose than the CC homozygotes of PCSK9 rs7552841 after the adjustment for age and BMI in the female students, but not in the male students. When PTSD was taken into consideration, the female T allele carriers had significantly higher TG, TC, LDL-C and glucose than the female CC homozygotes after the adjustment for age and BMI only in the subjects without PTSD, but not in the PTSD patients. No significant differences were observed in the male students regardless of PTSD and the adjustment for age and BMI. These results suggest that PCSK9 rs7552841 is associated with plasma lipids profiles only in female adolescents, but not in male students. This association can be modified and negated by PTSD.