BioScience Trends. 2018;12(4):395-402. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2018.01134)
Importance of bronchoscopic lung volume reduction coil therapy in potential candidates for lung transplantation.
Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction (BLVR) coil treatment is a alternative and promising treatment modality for selected severe emphysema patients. The main indication of this treatment modality is a forced expiration volume in one second (FEV1) of 15-45% and a residual volume (RV) > 175%. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of BLVR coil therapy in patients with end-stage emphysema who were potential candidates for lung transplantation and had FEV1 values less than 25%. Twenty-one patients who underwent bilateral BLVR coil therapy between September 2013 and May 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. We compared the changes in clinical and laboratory parameters at the baseline and 12 months after the treatment. Twelve months after the bilateral BLVR coil treatment, we observed an average increase in FEV1 (110 mL and 4.6%), a decrease in residual volume (660 mL and 33%), and an increase in 6-minute walk tests (67 m). The most common complications were chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation (47.6%) and pneumonia (23.8%). All patients tolerated the general anesthesia and procedure very well. BLVR coil therapy is safe and effective in patients with end-stage emphysema, who are potential candidates for lung transplantation within a short to medium period. The complication rates of this treatment were not different from those of the other coil treatments, and the improvements in the clinical parameters after the treatment resulted in gaining time for lung transplantation. Future research for evaluating the long-term efficacy of BLVR coil therapy in these patients is essential.