BioScience Trends. 2019;13(3):216-224. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2019.01074)
MLS128 antibody-induced suppression of colon cancer cell growth is mediated by a desmocollin and a 110 kDa glycoprotein.
Shuck SC, Hong T, Kalkum M, Igarashi R, Kajiya K, Termini J, Yamamoto K, Fujita-Yamaguchi Y
Protein glycosylation is a diverse form of post-translational modification. Two to three consecutive O-linked N-acetylgalactosamines (Tn-antigens) are recognized by antibodies such as MLS128. MLS128 mAb inhibited cell growth and bound to a 110 kDa glycoprotein (GP) in LS180 and HT29 colon cancer cells. However, purification and identification of the 110 kDa GP was unsuccessful due to its low abundance. The present study used a highly sophisticated and sensitive mass spectrometry method to identify proteins immunoprecipitated with MLS128 and separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Three desmosome components were identified. Of these, desmocollin and desmoglein shared many similar characteristics, including molecular mass, pI, and potential Tn-antigen sites. Western blotting analyses of LS180 cell lysates revealed a common 110 kDa band recognized by MLS128 and anti-desmocollin, but not by anti-desmoglein. Immunofluorescence microscopy of LS180 cells revealed that desmocollin is membrane-bound, while desmoglein is primarily localized in the cytosol. Confocal microscopy demonstrated colocalization of the desmocollin-specific antibody with the MLS128 antibody on the cell membrane, suggesting that desmocollin may contain Tn-antigens recognized by MLS128. Treatment of LS180 cells with siRNA to knock down desmocollin expression or a desmocollin-specific antibody decreased cell viability, suggesting a critical role for this protein in cell growth and survival. N-glycosidase F digestion of the 110 kDa GP and desmocollin suggested that although both proteins contain N-glycosylation sites, they are not identical. These findings suggest that desmocollin colocalizes with the 110 kDa GP and that growth inhibition induced by the MLS128 antibody may be mediated through a mechanism that involves desmocollin.