BioScience Trends. 2019;13(5):402-410. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2019.01233)
Growth-promoting effects of the hydrogen-sulfide compounds produced by Desulfovibrio desulfuricans subsp. desulfuricans cocultured with Escherichia coli (DH5Î±) on the growth of Entamoeba and Endolimax species isolates from swine.
Yoshida N, Kobayashi S, Suzuki J, Azuma Y, Kobayashi-Ogata N, Kartikasari DP, Yanagawa Y, Iwata S
Certain Desulfovibrio sp. (anaerobic sulfate-reducing bacteria) are indigenous to swine cecum and colon, which are also common habitats for parasitic amoebae such as Entamoeba polecki and Entamoeba suis. In this study, we evaluated the growth-promoting effects of D. desulfuricans co-cultured with Escherichia coli (DH5Î±) and its products [e.g., hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and certain iron-sulfide (FeS) compounds] using Robinson's medium, on the 4 amoeba isolates from swine-Entamoeba polecki subtype (ST)-1, E. polecki ST-3, Entamoeba suis, and Endolimax sp., and, consequently, a continuous culture system for these amoebae was established. However, this novel culture system was required to regulate the excess H2S dissolved in the medium by increasing air space as amoeba isolates thrive only in large air spaces (30-40%). The effects of air space and H2S and FeS compounds on the growth of E. polecki ST-1 (TDP-5) were determined. E. polecki ST-1 (TDP-5) thrived well in culture bottles with an air space of 30-40% (aerobic) (H2S: ~250-400 Î¼moles/L), but did not grow at all in an air space < 5% (microaerobic) ( H2S:~800 Î¼moles/L) and in anaerobic vessels (H2S: 20-30 Î¼moles/L). In both H2S-depleted and FeS compound-depleted conditions, the amoebae sp. could not thrive either. It was hypothesized that an appropriate concentration of H2S and FeS compounds might function as important physiologically active components of electron carriers such as FeS and ferredoxin.