BioScience Trends. 2019;13(6):488-501. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2019.01278)

The state of minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy in Chinese mainland: A systematic literature review.

Ding JY, Zhang CW, Huang DS, Zhang YH


The development of Minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD) in Chinese mainland has been extremely quick. However, the safety and oncologic outcomes remain controversial. This review evaluates the current status of MIPD in Chinese mainland. A systematic literature search was performed using: Pubmed, Web of Sci, CNKI, Wanfang Data and Sinomed databases to filter all studies published up to and including June 2019 using key words "pancreaticoduodenectomy," or "Whipple operation" combined with "laparoscopy," or "laparoscopic," or "robotic," or "da Vinci," or "minimally invasive," or "hand-assisted". This systematic review included 39 articles that documented 2,653 MIPDs in Chinese mainland. The weighted average operative time was 370.6 min, and the weighted average blood loss was 278.0 mL. The overall morbidity was 31.9%, which Clavien-Dindo ≥ 3 complications accounted for 13.4%. Pancreatic fistula, delayed gastric emptying, bile leak and postoperative hemorrhage were reported in 20.9%, 5.5%, 3.5% and 6.0% of patients respectively. The average lengh of hospital stay was 16.1 days. The overall surgical mortality was 1.7%. The mean number of harvested lymph nodes was 13.5, and the rate of positive margin was 5.3%. Based on Chinese national condition, the operative volume of MIPD in Chinese mainland is the leading position in the world, and compared with some large international meta-analysis, no inferior perioperative and short-term oncological outcomes were observed in MIPD of Chinese mainland. However, research on survival analysis and phased learning curve outcomes is needed urgently before the innovative techniques are widely accepted.

KEYWORDS: Minimally invasive surgery, pancreaticoduodenectomy, Chinese mainland, laparoscopy, robot

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