BioScience Trends. 2020;14(2):144-150. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2019.01331)
Identification and characterization of the V3 promoter of the ST3GAL4 gene
Martínez-Morales PL, Ortiz-Mateos C, Reyes-Pineda J, Reyes-Vallejo T, Aguilar-Lemarroy A, Jave-Suárez LF, Santos-López G, Reyes-Leyva J, Milflores-Flores L, Vallejo-Ruiz V
The ST3GAL4 gene encodes the enzyme Galβ1-4GlcNAc α2,3 sialyltransferase (ST3Gal IV). This enzyme participates in the synthesis of the sialyl Lewis x antigen. In different cancer types altered expression of this antigen has been reported. The transcriptional regulation of this gene is very complex, different mRNA variants (V1-V10) have been reported and are originated by the activity of different promoters and alternative splicing. Only the promoter that gives rise to the V3 variant has not been previously reported. The objective of this work was to identify and characterize the V3 promoter of the ST3GAL4 gene. For this, the putative V3 promoter of the ST3GAL4 gene was delimited by in silico analysis. The complete promoter and smaller versions were cloned in a reporter plasmid. The constructs were transfected in the HaCaT cells and the promoter activity was evaluated by luciferase reporter assays. The cloned region showed promoter activity, and the basal activity was not dependent on TATA boxes. However, the GC boxes, an initiator element (Inr) and downstream promoter element (DPE) could contribute to basal activity. The promoter contains several binding sites for the nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) that could participate in inducible activity during the immune response. The minimal promoter corresponds to a fragment of approximately 300 bp, located in the position -347 b to -40 b. The characterization of the V3 promoter of the ST3GAL4 gene completes the study of the four promoters of this gene, this contributes to the understanding of its complex transcription regulation.