BioScience Trends. 2020;14(6):457-459. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2020.03309)
Perception of mutual aid and its related factors: a study of Japanese high school students
Yokomizo T, Kanno K, Yamagishi A, Nagata T
Japan is a super-ageing country. Constructing the community-based integrated care system in local communities is urgently needed. Mutual aid in local communities is critical for this system. In order to clarify the status of perception of mutual aid in Japanese high school students and to clarify the factors related to the formation of the perception, we conducted a questionnaire study of high school students in a city in Japan (n = 8,687). The results indicate that Japanese high school students show a tendency to have perception of mutual aid for local people (70.8%) rather than the local area (38.9%). Significantly fewer male students have perception of mutual aid than female students (p < 0.01). Factors that affected the perception significantly (p < 0.05) were: i) willingness to stay in the local area for 10 more years, ii) recognition of persons in need of care in the local area, iii) memories of experiencing communication with handicapped and/or elderly people, and iv) experience of taking care of local children. It is important to create opportunities for high school students to communicate with local residents, especially handicapped and/or elderly people in order to foster students' perception of mutual aid.