BioScience Trends. 2021;15(2):118-125. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2021.01052)
Vasa previa: Perinatal outcomes in singleton and multiple pregnancies
Liu N, Hu Q, Liao H, Wang XD, Yu HY
Vasa previa (VP) is a rare and life-threatening condition for the fetus. It is associated with increased perinatal mortality rates. The current study sought to retrospectively analyze the perinatal outcomes of VP in singleton and multiple pregnancies between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2019 at a tertiary hospital in west China. One hundred and fifty-seven cases of VP were identified, including 131 singletons, 23 twins and 3 triplets. VP in 20 cases was diagnosed at delivery. There were 183 live births. Neonatal mortality was significantly higher in cases with no prenatal diagnosis (9.7% vs. 1.3%, p = 0.035). There was a significantly higher rate of NICU admission, premature infant and neonatal pneumonia in cases with prenatal diagnosis (p < 0.05). Among twin pregnancies with VP as a prenatal diagnosis, there were significantly earlier gestational age at admission (31.1 vs. 34.1 weeks, p = 0.000) and delivery age (33.4 vs. 35.3 weeks, p = 0.000) than those among singleton pregnancies. The neonatal mortality in twins with prenatal diagnosis was significantly higher than that in singletons (0% vs. 6.9%, p = 0.037). Early hospitalization of VP in the third trimester may be reasonable. The data suggest that the timing of elective delivery at 34-36 weeks in singletons and 32-34 weeks in twins may be suitable. It should be emphasized to make corresponding optimal delivery time according to individual differences for the women, especially in twin pregnancy.