BioScience Trends. 2021;15(3):171-179. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2021.01174)
Role of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) in the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of inflammatory bowel disease: A single Chinese center's experience
Wu Q, Wang XH, Wu F, Peng DH, Wu GT, YangLC, Yuan LW
The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with a poor prognosis is increasing, and a single field is not capable of fully diagnosing and comprehensively treating IBD. The purpose of the current study was to explore the role of a multidisciplinary team (MDT) in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD. Subjects were 55 patients with IBD who underwent surgery at this hospital before the establishment of a MDT (before June 2016) and 276 patients who were discussed by a MDT; 72 of the latter patients underwent surgery. The preoperative rate of diagnosis, preoperative basic nutritional status, frequency of emergency surgery, and surgical complications in the two groups were compared to determine whether the MDT significantly affected the diagnosis and treatment of IBD and to explore trends in the types of patients with IBD and treatment decision-making since the establishment of MDT. Results revealed that the MDT significantly improved preoperative diagnostic accuracy for patients with IBD who underwent surgery (p < 0.005), and the frequency of elective surgery decreased significantly (p < 0.005). There were significant differences in the rate of clinical recurrence (p < 0.005) and the rate of additional surgery (p < 0.01) between the two groups, with higher rates in the control group. In terms of preoperative nutritional status, the proportion of decreased serum albumin and hemoglobin in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group (p < 0.05). MDT plays a positive role in accurate preoperative diagnosis, improvement of preoperative preparations, and a reduction in postoperative adverse events for patients with IBD undergoing surgery.