BioScience Trends. 2021;15(5):305-312. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2021.01288)
Current status of gastroesophageal reflux disease after sleeve gastrectomy: Still a long way to go
Tian PR, Fu J, Liu Y, Bian SB, Li MY, Zhang M, Liu J, Jin L, Zhang ZT, Zhang P
Obesity is a public health concern that is becoming increasingly more serious around the world. Bariatric surgery has become more prevalent due to the obesity epidemic worldwide. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is one of the most popular procedures which is safe and efficient. Despite all its favorable features, however, there is an increasing evidence from the literature that the long-term incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is likely to represent the Achilles' heel of this procedure. Management of severe reflux after SG usually requires revisional surgery. The relationship between SG and GERD needs to be better ascertained in order to prevent related complications, such as esophageal adenocarcinoma. This review attempts to elucidate the effect of SG on GERD and the postoperative management of reflux disease according to recent literature in the hope of drawing the attention of clinicians to postoperative gastroesophageal reflux and guiding the optimal management strategy associated with this "troublesome complication".