BioScience Trends. 2022;16(4):291-300. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2022.01116)
The preventive effect of loganin on oxidative stress-induced cellular damage in human keratinocyte HaCaT cells
Park C, Lee H, Jin S, Park JH, Han MH, Jeong JW, Kwon HJ, Kim BW, Park SH, Hong SH, Kim GY, Choi YH
Loganin is a type of iridoid glycosides isolated from Corni fructus and is known to have various pharmacological properties, but studies on its antioxidant activity are still lacking. Therefore, in this study, the preventive effect of loganin on oxidative stress-mediated cellular damage in human keratinocyte HaCaT cells was investigated. Our results show that loganin pretreatment in a nontoxic concentration range significantly improved cell survival in hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-treated HaCaT cells, which was associated with inhibition of cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and induction of apoptosis. H2O2-induced DNA damage and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation were also greatly reduced in the presence of loganin. Moreover, H2O2 treatment enhanced the cytoplasmic release of cytochrome c, upregulation of the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and degradation of cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase, whereas loganin remarkably suppressed these changes. In addition, loganin obviously attenuated H2O2-induced autophagy while inhibiting the increased accumulation of autophagosome proteins, including as microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3-II and Beclin-1, and p62, an autophagy substrate protein, in H2O2-treated cells. In conclusion, our current results suggests that loganin could protect HaCaT keratinocytes from H2O2-induced cellular injury by inhibiting mitochondrial dysfunction, autophagy and apoptosis. This finding indicates the applicability of loganin in the prevention and treatment of skin diseases caused by oxidative damage.