BioScience Trends. 2022;16(6):426-433. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2022.01320)

Timing of parathyroidectomy for kidney transplant patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism: A practical overview

Wang B, Li W, Wang Q, Zhang W


Kidney transplantation remains the best treatment for patients with end-stage kidney disease, and it could partially mitigate systemic disorders of mineral and bone metabolism caused by secondary hyperparathyroidism. However, persistent hyperparathyroidism is still observed in 30- 60% of patients 1 year after kidney transplantation, leading to impairment of allograft function and a disturbance of mineral metabolism. The timing of parathyroidectomy varies among transplant centers because the possible negative effects of parathyroidectomy on allograft outcomes are still unclear. This review provides a comprehensive and detailed overview of the natural course of hyperparathyroidism following kidney transplantation and the effects of the timing and extent of parathyroidectomy on allograft function. It aims to provide useful information for surgeons to propose an appropriate intervention strategy to break the vicious cycle of post-kidney transplantation hyperparathyroidism and deterioration of allograft function.

KEYWORDS: persistent hyperparathyroidism, allograft function, hemodynamic fluctuation, nephrocalcinosis

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