BioScience Trends. 2023;17(1):54-62. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2022.01522)
Delayed gastric emptying after aggressive surgery for retroperitoneal sarcoma – Incidence, characteristics, and risk factors
Lv A, Sun RZ, Qiu H, Wu JH, Tian XY, Hao CY
Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after aggressive resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) has rarely been described. This study aimed to determine the incidence and characteristics of DGE after surgery for RPS and explore its potential risk factors. Patients with RPS who had undergone surgery between January 2010 and February 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. DGE was defined and graded according to the International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery classification and classified as primary or secondary to other complications. Patients with clinically relevant DGE (crDGE, grade B+C) were compared to those with no or mild DGE (grade A). Multivariate logistic regression analysis of clinicopathological and surgical parameters was performed to identify risk factors for crDGE. Of the 239 patients studied, 69 (28.9%) had experienced DGE and 54 (22.6%) had experienced crDGE. Patients with primary and secondary DGE accounted approximately half and half. The most common concurrent complications included abdominal infection, postoperative pancreatic fistula, and abdominal bleeding. Patients with crDGE were more likely to have multifocal tumors and the liposarcoma subtype, with a larger tumor size, longer operating time, more resected organs, and a history of combined resection of the stomach, pancreas, small intestine, and/or colon. In multivariate analysis, the tumor size, operating time, and combined pancreatic resection were independent risk factors for crDGE. In conclusion, the current results indicated that approximately one-fourth of patients experienced DGE after aggressive surgery for RPS and that DGE was primary or secondary to other underlying conditions. A large tumor involving long, difficult surgery and combined pancreatic resection highly predicted the incidence of crDGE. The prevention and management of DGE remain challenging.