BioScience Trends. 2023;17(2):172-176. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2022.01507)
Characteristics, scope of activity, and negative emotions in elderly women with urinary incontinence: Based on a longitudinal followup in Shanghai, China
Zhang YW, Wang CY, Yu XY, Wan LS, Cheng WD, Xie CY, Chen D, Cao YF, Xue J, Niu YH, Ding HS
We conducted a study to assess the characteristics, scope of activity, and negative emotions in elderly women with urinary incontinence (UI) based on a longitudinal follow-up conducted in Shanghai, China from 2013 to 2019. A total of 3,531 elderly women were included in the final analysis, and 697 women who experienced UI during follow-up were included in the UI group. Subjects with UI were subdivided into those with partial UI (UI once a day or less) and UI (frequent UI). Two thousand eight hundred and thirty-four women who did not have UI during the same period served as the control group. The prevalence of UI was 19.74% in this study. Logistic regression analysis revealed that being older (> 80 years of age), having a high level of education (> 12 years; elderly people with a high level of education may pay more attention to their health and notice UI more readily), a low personal monthly income (≤ 3,000 RMB), more gravidity/parity, and having a chronic disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), dementia, or Parkinson's disease) were risk factors for UI (p < 0.05). About 60% of women in the partial UI group engaged in daily activities outdoors, while this number decreased sharply to 3.6% in the UI group. Women in the UI group were more likely to have negative emotions, such as depression, anxiety, irritability, or feeling worthless (p < 0.001). Among elderly women with dementia, those with UI had defects in terms of judgment in everyday life, the ability of convey information, and the ability to understand information (p < 0.05). More attention needs to be paid to the adverse effects of UI on activities of daily living (ADL) and mental health in the future.