BioScience Trends. 2023;17(4):262-270. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2023.01184)
Geriatric syndromes, chronic inflammation, and advances in the management of frailty: A review with new insights
Li NN, Liu GL, Gao H, Wu Q, Meng J, Wang F, Jiang SW, Chen MX, Xu WH, Zhang YF, Wang YJ, Feng YQ, Liu JC, Xu C, Lu HZ
As people age, geriatric syndromes characterized by frailty significantly impact both clinical practice and public health. Aging weakens people's immune functions, leading to chronic lowgrade inflammation that ultimately contributes to the development of frailty. Effectively managing geriatric syndromes and frailty can help alleviate the economic burden of an aging population. This review delves into the intricate relationship among aging, infection-induced inflammation, chronic inflammation, and frailty. In addition, it analyzes various approaches and interventions to address frailty, such as smart rehabilitation programs and stem-cell treatments, offering promising solutions in this new era. Given the importance of this topic, further research into the mechanisms of frailty is crucial. Equally essential is the devising of relevant measures to delay its onset and the formulation of comprehensive clinical, research, and public health strategies to enhance the quality of life for elderly individuals.