BioScience Trends. 2023;17(4):310-317. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2023.01209)

Impact of sarcopenia on S1 adjuvant chemotherapy and prognosis in pancreatic cancer patients

Takagi K, Inoue Y, Oba A, Ono Y, Sato T, Ito H, Saino Y, Saiura A, Takahashi Y


Although the importance of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) has been recognized in pancreatic cancer (PC) patients, there are few studies to address the underlying mechanisms of failure to complete AC. This study aims to investigate the relationship between nutritional state represented by sarcopenia and failure to complete AC in patients after curative-intent surgery for PC. This study included 110 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy for potentially resectable pancreatic cancers with intention of adjuvant S-1. Sarcopenia was defined using the psoas muscle mass index with cutoff values of 6.36 cm2/m2 for men and 3.92 cm2/m2 for women, which were calculated with a 3-D volumetric software. The relation between sarcopenia and successful AC and long-term survival were investigated. Twenty-nine (26%) patients were diagnosed as having sarcopenia (Sarcopenia group). Sarcopenia group comprised significantly older patients than Non-sarcopenia group (72 vs. 67 years old, p = 0.0087). AC was successfully completed in 14 patients (48%) in Sarcopenia group compared to 72 patients (89%) in Non-sarcopenia group (p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis identified age ≥ 70 years and sarcopenia as significant risk factors for failure of AC. Among patients ≥ 70 years old, rate of successful AC was significantly higher in sarcopenia groups than non-sarcopenia group (17% vs. 78%, p < 0.001). In conclusions, age and sarcopenia were critical risk factors for the failure of 6 months of adjuvant chemotherapy. Among elderly patients, sarcopenia can predict the poor success rate of AC.

KEYWORDS: pancreatic cancer, sarcopenia, adjuvant therapy, nutrition, prognosis

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