BioScience Trends. 2023;17(5):381-392. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2023.01164)

The function and immune role of cuproptosis associated hub gene in Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma

Lin K, Hu K, Chen Q, Wu J


Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a precancerous lesion of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), with approximately 3-5% of patients developing EAC. Cuproptosis is a kind of programmed cell death phenomenon discovered in recent years, which is related to the occurrence and development of many diseases. However, its role in BE and EAC is not fully understood. We used single sample Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (ssGSEA) for differential analysis of BE in the database, followed by enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), Gene Ontology (GO) and GSEA, Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI), Weighted Gene Co-expression Network Analysis (WGCNA), Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (ROC) and finally Quantitative Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) of clinical tissues. Two hub genes can be obtained by intersection of the results obtained from the cuproptosis signal analysis based on BE. The ROC curves of these two genes predicted EAC, and the Area Under the Curve (AUC) values could reach 0.950 and 0.946, respectively. The mRNA and protein levels of Centrosome associated protein E (CENPE) and Shc SH2 domain binding protein 1 (SHCBP1) were significantly increased in clinical EAC tissues. When they were grouped by protein expression levels, high expression of CENPE or SHCBP1 had a poor prognosis. The CENPE and SHCBP1 associated with cuproptosis may be a factor promoting the development of BE into EAC which associated with the regulation of NK cells and T cells.

KEYWORDS: Barrett's esophagus, cuproptosis, hub gene, esophageal adenocarcinoma, immunoinfiltration

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