BioScience Trends. 2012;6(6):283-287. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2012.v6.6.283)
Quantitative proteomic study identified cathepsin B associated with doxorubicin-induced damage in H9c2 cardiomyocytes.
Bao GY, Wang HZ, Shang YJ, Fan HJ, Gu ML, Xia R, Qin Q, Deng AM
The study was performed to analyze the proteomic profiling of doxorubicin-treated H9c2 cardiomyocytes in order to identify novel protein biomarkers associated with doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. The protein profiling of H9c2 cells in response to doxorubicin at an apoptosis-induced concentration of 0.5 μM were compared using iTRAQ analysis. Western-blot analysis was used to confirm differentially expressed proteins identified in the proteomic study. A total of 22 differently expressed proteins were identified in doxorubicin-treated H9c2 cells including 15 up-regulated and 7 down-regulated proteins. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis revealed that 10 altered proteins were enriched in the process of apoptosis. We further validated the expression of cathepsin B and its possible regulator nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in H9c2 cells were increased during doxorubicin treatment using Western-blots. Differentially expressed proteins might provide clues to clarify novel mechanisms underlying doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy. Our results also suggest that increased cathepsin B expression might be associated with NF-κB up-regulation, and the exact mechanisms need to be clarified.