BioScience Trends. 2015;9(2):91-96. (DOI: 10.5582/ bst.2015.01024)
A cross-sectional study of leukopenia and thrombocytopenia among Chinese adults with newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS.
Shen YZ, Wang JR, Wang ZY, Shen JY, Qi TK, Song W, Tang Y, Liu L, Zhang RF, Zeng Y, Lu HZ
We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence and risk factors of leukopenia and thrombocytopenia among Chinese adults with newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS. One thousand nine hundred and forty-eight newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients were enrolled between 2009 and 2010. Serum samples obtained from each individual were collected for complete blood count. Factors associated with the presence of leukopenia and thrombocytopenia were analyzed by multiple logistic regression. The overall prevalence of leukopenia and of thrombocytopenia was 33.2% and 15.6%, respectively. The prevalence of leukopenia was higher among females than among males (39.4% versus 31.2%). The prevalence of leukopenia increased with decreasing CD4 count (8.2%, 26.5%, 33.4%, and 41.5% among patients with CD4 count of ≥ 350, 200-349, 50-199, and < 50 cells/mm3 respectively). The prevalence of thrombocytopenia also showed an increasing trend with decreasing CD4 count (5.8%, 12.2%, 17.8%, and 17.5% among patients with CD4 count of ≥ 350, 200-349, 50-199, and < 50 cells/mm3, respectively). Logistic analysis showed that female sex, lower CD4 count, and Han ethnicity were significantly associated with an increased risk of leukopenia, and that lower CD4 count, and HIV transmission by blood were significantly associated with an increased risk of thrombocytopenia. The study reflects that leukopenia and thrombocytopenia are common among Chinese adults with newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS; and lower CD4 count is associated with an increased risk of both leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. We propose that a routine assessment of these parameters is necessary for timely and adequate clinical management.