BioScience Trends. 2023;17(3):219-229. (DOI: 10.5582/bst.2023.01116)

EMG-FRNet: A feature reconstruction network for EMG irrelevant gesture recognition

Zhang W, Wang Y, Zhang J, Pang G


With the development of deep learning technology, gesture recognition based on surface electromyography (EMG) signals has shown broad application prospects in various human-computer interaction fields. Most current gesture recognition technologies can achieve high recognition accuracy on a wide range of gesture actions. However, in practical applications, gesture recognition based on surface EMG signals is susceptible to interference from irrelevant gesture movements, which affects the accuracy and security of the system. Therefore, it is crucial to design an irrelevant gesture recognition method. This paper introduces the GANomaly network from the field of image anomaly detection into surface EMG-based irrelevant gesture recognition. The network has a small feature reconstruction error for target samples and a large feature reconstruction error for irrelevant samples. By comparing the relationship between the feature reconstruction error and the predefined threshold, we can determine whether the input samples are from the target category or the irrelevant category. In order to improve the performance of EMG irrelevant gesture recognition, this paper proposes a feature reconstruction network named EMG-FRNet for EMG irrelevant gesture recognition. This network is based on GANomaly and incorporates structures such as channel cropping (CC), cross-layer encodingdecoding feature fusion (CLEDFF), and SE channel attention (SE). In this paper, Ninapro DB1, Ninapro DB5 and self-collected datasets were used to verify the performance of the proposed model. The Area Under the receiver operating characteristic Curve (AUC) values of EMG-FRNet on the above three datasets were 0.940, 0.926 and 0.962, respectively. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed model achieves the highest accuracy among related research.

KEYWORDS: surface EMG signals, human-computer interaction, irrelevant gesture recognition, reconstruction error

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